Intensive Supervision Programs (ISU)
The Nevada Department of Public Safety, Division of Parole and Probation, has established the Intensive Supervision Unit to provide an enhanced level of supervision for certain offenders. The primary goal of supervision for offenders is total compliance with the terms and conditions of their parole or probation and insuring public safety. These offenders may be ordered into the Intensive Supervision Unit by the courts or Parole Board, but my also be assigned by the Division through an assessment process. Some factors that determine an offender's placement into the unit may include:
- Crimes of Violence
- Crimes involving drug trafficking or sales of controlled substance
- Criminal activity of a sophisticated nature
- Active gang affiliation
- Sustained or chronic substance abuse history
- History of mental illness
Once a probationer or parolee has been assigned to the Intensive Supervision Unit they are subjected to increased community contact from their assigned officer, frequent drug testing, searches, surveillance, and a lower tolerance for noncompliant behavior. Officers in the Intensive Supervision Unit maintain smaller caseloads in order to provide closer community supervision.
The Intensive Supervision Unit has two specialized sub-units that monitor offenders, which require specialized tactics and close scrutiny. The first specialized unit consists of offenders that are confirmed gang members or are known to actively participate in gang activity. The Gang Unit officers receive additional training to aid them in identifying gang affiliation, and work closely with other law enforcement agencies in gang suppression efforts.
While under the supervision of the Division, offenders are not permitted to associate with other gang members. However, active gang members will commonly use colors, tattoos, logos, or hand signs to announce their membership with a gang. Any violation that demonstrates continued gang membership may lead to an offender's arrest.
It is hopeful that applying Intensive Supervision techniques to gang members that it will deter offenders from future criminal activities. However, should offenders continue their gang affiliation, incarceration is a likely consequence.
House Arrest/ Electronic Monitoring
The second specialized intensive supervision program is the House Arrest Unit. Offenders that are ordered by the courts or Parole Board to remain electronically monitored during a term of their probation or parole will be assigned to this unit. This authority is established through Nevada Revised Statute 176A.440 and uses an electronic device that is attached to the offender's ankle. House arrest officers enforce curfews in which the offender is not permitted to leave their home. Most participants in the House Arrest Unit are required to work and are allowed a reasonable period of time outside of their home for work. When not working or attending counseling, offenders are incarcerated within the confines of their residence. Any violation is reported electronically to on-call staff who will respond as needed.
Inmate Programs (Nevada Department of Corrections)
NRS 209.429 provides for inmates convicted of DUI to serve a portion of their incarceration under the division's house arrest program. Through the offenders are serving their prison sentence in the community, they retain their inmate status throughout their period of supervision. As a result, a zero tolerance policy is instituted with these offenders.
Inmates that are convicted of nonviolent crimes are also eligible to serve a portions of their incarceration under the house arrest program if they meet certain eligibility requirements pursuant to NRS 209.392. A zero tolerance policy is also applied to offenders within this program due to their inmate status.
NRS 209.3925 allows for a compassionate release of inmates who have become physically incapacitated to such a degree that he or she is not a current or future threat to public safety or if they are in poor health and expected to die within 12 months.
The last inmate program was established to assist offenders with drug problems and who have been accepted in a Drug Court Program. An inmate, qualifying under NRS 209.4886. This is the only inmate program where inmates may not be placed on electronic monitoring.