Residential confinement, sometimes referred to as house arrest, is used by Parole and Probation as an alternative to incarceration. Residential confinement is available for parolees, probationers and inmates. Residential confinement may include an electronic ankle monitor and equipment to measure alcohol content in the person’s body. Costs for residential confinement vary depending on what type of monitoring is required by law, or by a judge or the Parole Board.
Parolees and probationers may have residential confinement ordered by the Parole Board or a judge as a requirement of supervision. Parolees and probationers may also be ordered to complete a period of residential confinement as an alternative to returning to jail or prison.
Certain inmates may be eligible for various residential confinement programs. Several factors may prevent an inmate from being eligible for residential confinement including violating rules while in custody and having a criminal history that involves a sexual offense or an act of violence. Residential confinement for inmates is defined under Nevada Revised Statutes 209.392, 209.3925, 209.429 and 209.4883. The various residential confinement programs for inmates are listed below:
Eligible inmates that are convicted of Driving Under the Influence are referred by the Department of Corrections to Parole and Probation for supervision. The inmate must demonstrate a willingness and ability to establish a position of employment in the community, demonstrate a willingness and ability to enroll in a program for education or rehabilitation, or demonstrate an ability to pay for all or part of the costs of his confinement and to meet any existing obligation for restitution to any victim of his crime.
Eligible inmates that have been convicted of crimes other than Driving Under the Influence are referred by the Department of Corrections to Parole and Probation for supervision. The inmate must demonstrate the same willingness and ability as under the 305 Program.
Inmates that are physically incapacitated or in ill health are referred by the Department of Corrections to Parole and Probation for supervision. Inmates must be physically incapacitated or in ill health to such a degree that they do not presently and likely will not in the future pose a threat to public safety and/or are expected to die within twelve months. An inmate that is sentenced to death or life imprisonment without the possibility of parole is not eligible for release into the 298 Program.
Eligible inmates with drug and/or alcohol problems may be referred by the Department of Corrections to Reentry Court, sometimes referred to as Drug Court, and the supervision of Parole and Probation. The inmate must demonstrate the same willingness and ability as under the 305 and 317 Program. Reentry Court is a judicial program established by a District Court and overseen by a District Court Judge to help the person overcome their drug and/or alcohol problem.